Cumulus Linux, NetQ, WHJ

Network Setup with Cumulus Linux, NetQ, and WJH: An Intuitive Approach to Efficient Networking

Cumulus Linux is not just based on Linux it is Linux itself. Therefore, working with it is very similar to working with typical Linux servers. You can install standard applications directly on the switch, and if needed, develop new utilities without being restricted to specific APIs. The regular networking tools are enhanced with additional tools for building CLOS fabrics and automation.

Cumulus Linux not only allows for flexibility beyond existing APIs but also provides a highly convenient API interface. Network professionals and developers alike can explore the extensive capabilities of Cumulus Linux's API by accessing the documentation. This comprehensive API documentation empowers users to unlock the full potential of Cumulus Linux, enabling them to tailor network management, automate processes, and seamlessly integrate with other systems and applications. By offering an accessible and well-documented API, Cumulus Linux ensures that users have the tools they need to optimize their network management experience and drive innovation in their network infrastructure.

Why Choose Cumulus Linux?

Complete Standardization

Reduce complexities and benefit from complete interoperability across your entire data center with Linux.

Network Protection

Get additional levels of security, exclusive to Cumulus Linux, in addition to industry-standard security features.

Flexible Open Architecture

Create open and scalable networks enabled by standards-based protocols, combined with the freedom of Linux.

Reduced OpEx

Use the existing Linux-based management tools and talent, and benefit from the ability to assign more switches per engineer.

Built for Automation First

Get the most comprehensive end-to-end automation for continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) workflows.

Faster IT Delivery

Easily leverage native integration and best-of-breed tools for automation, monitoring, analytics, and more.

 

Server Simply offers a wide range of switches based on Cumulus Linux. These switches combine the power and flexibility of Cumulus Linux with the reliability and performance required for enterprise-grade networking. By partnering with Server Simply, organizations can leverage the benefits of Cumulus Linux, such as seamless integration with existing Linux environments, enhanced scalability, and a comprehensive API interface, to optimize their network management and drive innovation in their network infrastructure. Server Simply's Cumulus Linux-based switches provide a reliable and efficient solution for businesses looking to build robust and agile networks.

Benefits of Linux

Linux possesses exceptional management capabilities and offers clear APIs, making it an ideal fit for the networking model of modern data centers. The control layer operates in user space, distinct from the packet processing layer within the kernel. The kernel houses the Forwarding Information Base (FIB), while the Routing Information Base (RIB) is managed by appropriate daemons in the user environment. Linux supports fundamental network equipment features as well as various advanced functions related to BGP (Border Gateway Protocol). The existing toolkit provides direct access to interfaces, routing tables, change notification mechanisms, and more.

With Cumulus Linux, you can leverage the native Linux console, eliminating the need for specialized shells like JunOS or NX-OS. The Linux console, known for its versatility, excels at chaining independent commands and running scripts, providing a seamless experience. This, coupled with automation capabilities, ensures that the switch operates seamlessly.

Cumulus Linux also offers efficient package and process management, allowing administrators to easily install and manage software packages. Configuration templates provide a standardized approach to network configuration, simplifying deployment and maintenance tasks. Additionally, monitoring automation capabilities help administrators effectively monitor and manage the network, enhancing overall visibility and control.

All these features contribute to the ease of setting up Layer 2 (L2) and Layer 3 (L3) networks and ultimately make life easier for network administrators.

Another valuable tool is the Prescriptive Topology Manager (PTM). Determining the logical topology of a data center is challenging, especially when it comes to aligning the cabling infrastructure, which can be time-consuming and labor-intensive. PTM simplifies this process by allowing real-time verification of cable connections and pinpointing the exact location of errors. It leverages a graphviz-DOT cabling plan, commonly utilized by companies for planning purposes, and cross-references it with information from LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) to ensure accurate cable connectivity.

Leveraging Open Networking Capabilities with Cumulus Linux

Cumulus Linux is a powerful operating system that embraces the principles of open networking, providing advanced capabilities for network professionals. Designed with technical professionals in mind, Cumulus Linux offers a range of features that enable the implementation and management of open networks. Here are some key technical aspects to consider when leveraging open networking with Cumulus Linux:

Standard Protocols and Interfaces:

Cumulus Linux supports a wide range of standard protocols and open interfaces, including industry standards like BGP, OSPF, and VLAN. This allows for seamless integration with existing network infrastructures and simplifies interoperability with multi-vendor environments. Network professionals can rely on familiar protocols and interfaces to design and operate their networks efficiently.

Software-Defined Networking (SDN) Capabilities:

Cumulus Linux aligns with the principles of software-defined networking, providing the flexibility and programmability required for modern network architectures. It offers support for popular SDN technologies such as OpenFlow and enables the integration of SDN controllers and orchestration frameworks. This empowers network professionals to centralize network management, automate provisioning, and implement dynamic network policies.

DevOps and Automation Integration:

Cumulus Linux is built with a focus on DevOps practices and automation. It seamlessly integrates with popular automation tools such as Ansible, Puppet, and Chef, enabling network professionals to automate configuration, provisioning, and monitoring tasks. With Cumulus Linux, network operations can be streamlined and standardized, leading to increased efficiency and reduced manual errors.

Ecosystem Collaboration:

Cumulus Linux fosters collaboration within the open networking ecosystem. It promotes interoperability and compatibility with a wide range of network hardware, software, and applications. This collaborative approach allows network professionals to choose the best-of-breed solutions for their specific needs, resulting in a flexible and scalable network infrastructure.

By leveraging the open networking capabilities of Cumulus Linux, technical professionals can harness the power of standard protocols, SDN principles, automation, and ecosystem collaboration to build and manage robust and efficient networks that meet the demands of modern data centers.

Seamless Integration of Cumulus Linux with Spectrum-2, Spectrum-3, and Spectrum-4: Optimizing Network Functionality and Performance

Cumulus Linux is designed to seamlessly integrate and collaborate with Spectrum-2, Spectrum-3, and Spectrum-4, delivering enhanced network functionality and superior performance for technical professionals. The integration of Cumulus Linux with these advanced platforms unlocks a wide array of technical capabilities, enabling network engineers to leverage cutting-edge technologies and optimize their network infrastructure.

Spectrum-2 Integration:

Cumulus Linux's integration with Spectrum-2 brings forth a wealth of advanced routing capabilities to network professionals. Spectrum-2, renowned for its scalability and performance, provides extensive routing features, including route reflector functionality, BGP add-path, and route aggregation. With Cumulus Linux's seamless integration, network administrators gain granular control over routing policies, efficiently manage complex network topologies, and improve overall routing efficiency, leading to enhanced network performance and optimal traffic distribution.

Spectrum-3 Integration:

By integrating Cumulus Linux with Spectrum-3, technical professionals gain access to a high-performance switching platform that elevates network performance to new heights. Spectrum-3 harnesses its advanced hardware capabilities to deliver exceptional packet forwarding rates, low latency, and sophisticated traffic management. Cumulus Linux's compatibility with Spectrum-3 empowers network engineers to leverage these hardware features, optimize packet processing, and streamline data flow within the network. This integration ensures superior network performance, reduced latency, and improved overall efficiency, ideal for demanding and latency-sensitive applications.

Spectrum-4 Integration:

Cumulus Linux's compatibility with Spectrum-4, a next-generation data center switching platform, enables technical professionals to build agile and scalable networks tailored to the needs of modern data centers. Spectrum-4 offers an array of advanced features, including high-density port configurations, deep buffer architecture, and support for cutting-edge technologies such as 400G Ethernet. The integration of Cumulus Linux with Spectrum-4 allows network administrators to harness these capabilities, facilitating seamless connectivity, efficient traffic management, and robust performance for bandwidth-intensive applications and data-intensive workloads.

By seamlessly integrating Cumulus Linux with Spectrum-2, Spectrum-3, and Spectrum-4, technical professionals can unlock a realm of advanced networking capabilities. This integration empowers network engineers to fine-tune routing policies, optimize packet processing, and leverage cutting-edge hardware features, resulting in superior network performance, increased scalability, and enhanced overall network efficiency. With Cumulus Linux and these advanced platforms working harmoniously together, professionals can build and manage state-of-the-art networks that meet the demands of modern data centers and drive innovation in their network infrastructure.

Using NetQ and WJH to Analyze Data in Comulus Linux

In today's AI-driven world, where AI technologies are accessible to everyone, the performance of your AI infrastructure depends not only on high-end GPUs and storage systems but also on a robust and reliable network. As a network administrator, you play a crucial role in ensuring that your network fabric operates smoothly and efficiently, without disruptions or outages. However, network issues can still occur, and troubleshooting them requires effective network telemetry.

Traditional monitoring methods such as SNMP, sFLOW, and network counters provide a wealth of network information but often fail to identify the root cause of issues. Analyzing vast amounts of telemetry data can be time-consuming and challenging, akin to finding a needle in a haystack. This is where NetQ and WJH (What Just Happened) come into play.

NetQ, a highly scalable network operations toolset, leverages the power of WJH streaming telemetry in Comulus Linux. WJH is a unique ASIC telemetry feature that provides switch-level, real-time, and contextual flow monitoring at line rate. By analyzing all packets passing through the switch, WJH can detect performance issues such as packet drops, congestion, high latency, and misconfigurations.

Unlike traditional telemetry methods, WJH goes beyond surface-level information. It provides detailed packet header information (5/12 tuples) without including the payload, allowing network administrators to quickly identify the root cause of data-plane anomalies. Moreover, WJH alerts you when packet latency exceeds the threshold or when a switch's buffer usage reaches a certain percentage. This helps in detecting network bottlenecks, uncovering application slowness, and preventing future drops caused by buffer overflow.

WJH monitors various categories of events, including Layer 1, Layer 2, Layer 3, Overlay (VXLAN), Access control list (ACL), Congestion, and Latency. Each category has its own set of drop reasons and notifications, enabling you to pinpoint specific issues within the network.

To consume WJH events, you can utilize NVIDIA NetQ. The NetQ agent installed on the switch aggregates WJH events by categories and streams them to the NetQ server using the gRPC protocol. With NetQ, you gain real-time visibility into your network infrastructure and data plane anomalies. The NetQ interface and CLI provide interactive dashboards and detailed views of WJH events, allowing you to examine event distribution, analyze affected switches, and explore drop types.

By harnessing the power of NetQ and WJH in Comulus Linux, network administrators can accelerate the time to root cause in network troubleshooting. The detailed packet-level information provided by WJH enables quick identification of issues and facilitates the optimization of AI infrastructure for shorter job completion time, faster training, better inference, and higher storage I/O.

Conclusion

Cumulus Linux offers a comprehensive and flexible solution for network management and automation. By leveraging its Linux-based architecture, users can enjoy the familiarity and versatility of working with standard Linux servers, including the ability to install applications and develop new utilities without API restrictions. The accessible and well-documented API empowers network professionals and developers to optimize network management, automate processes, and seamlessly integrate with other systems and applications.

The benefits of Linux, such as exceptional management capabilities and clear APIs, make Cumulus Linux an ideal choice for modern data center networking. Its native Linux console eliminates the need for specialized shells, and automation capabilities ensure smooth operation. Efficient package and process management, along with configuration templates and monitoring automation, simplify deployment, maintenance, and monitoring tasks, ultimately making network administration easier.

The Prescriptive Topology Manager (PTM) further enhances network setup by simplifying the alignment of cabling infrastructure, saving time and effort. Open networking capabilities of Cumulus Linux provide support for standard protocols, interfaces, and software-defined networking (SDN) technologies, allowing seamless integration and interoperability with existing infrastructures. Integration with DevOps practices and automation tools streamlines network operations, while collaboration within the open networking ecosystem ensures flexibility and scalability.

To analyze network data effectively, Cumulus Linux offers NetQ and WJH. WJH's unique ASIC telemetry feature provides real-time and contextual flow monitoring, enabling quick identification of performance issues. NetQ aggregates and streams WJH events, providing real-time visibility into the network infrastructure. This combination empowers network administrators to accelerate troubleshooting, optimize AI infrastructure, and improve overall performance.

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  1. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4600-CS2FC Mellanox Spectrum-3 MSN4600-CS2FC

    Spine or super-spine switch
    64x QSFP28 100GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    32 197.41 €
  2. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4410-WS2FC NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4410-WS2FC

    Spine or leaf switch
    8x QSFP-DD 400GbE ports
    24x QSFP28 100GbE
    Cumulus Linux

    45 401.44 €
  3. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4600-VS2RC NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4600-VS2RC

    Spine or super-spine switch
    64x QSFP56 200GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    45 401.44 €
  4. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4600-VS2FC NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4600-VS2FC

    Spine or super-spine switch
    64x QSFP56 200GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    45 401.44 €
  5. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4700-WS2RC Mellanox Spectrum-3 MSN4700-WS2RC

    Spine or super-spine switch
    32x QSFP-DD 400GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    36 449.08 €
  6. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4700-WS2FC Mellanox Spectrum-3 MSN4700-WS2FC

    Spine or super-spine switch
    32x QSFP-DD 400GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    36 449.08 €
  7. NVIDIA Spectrum-2 MSN3420-CB2RC Mellanox Spectrum-2 MSN3420-CB2RC

    Top-of-Rack switch
    12x QSFP28 100GbE ports
    48x SFP28 25GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    19 806.06 €
  8. NVIDIA Spectrum-2 MSN3420-CB2FC Mellanox Spectrum-2 MSN3420-CB2FC

    Top-of-Rack switch
    12x QSFP28 100GbE ports
    48x SFP28 25GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    19 806.06 €
  9. NVIDIA Spectrum-2 MSN3700-VS2FC Mellanox Spectrum-2 MSN3700-VS2FC

    Spine or super-spine switch
    32x QSFP56 200GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    32 197.41 €
  10. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4600-CS2RC Mellanox Spectrum-3 MSN4600-CS2RC

    Spine or super-spine switch
    64x QSFP28 100GbE ports
    Cumulus Linux

    32 197.41 €
  11. NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4410-WS2RC NVIDIA Spectrum-3 MSN4410-WS2RC

    Spine or leaf switch
    8x QSFP-DD 400GbE ports
    24x QSFP28 100GbE
    Cumulus Linux

    45 401.44 €
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